A1 - Characterization and diagnosis of habitat 9580*, Mediterranean forests of Taxus baccata in the enclaves of action. Assessment of the initial habitat situation

The action is aimed at obtaining the necessary information to develop the technical planning of conservation actions and monitoring the impact of the project. Provide relevant information to clarify the interpretation of Habitat 9580*, update its mapping, the Nat2000 forms and the valuation of this habitat.

A2 - Technical planning of conservation actions

The technical planning of the actions is the necessary step between the conception of an action and its materialization through the concrete actions of restoration. The necessary details for successful actions must be reflected in the technical projects developed during this action.

This action is necessary for the correct subcontracting of works and obtaining the necessary authorizations by the competent authorities. The action includes the drafting of the technical and administrative specifications necessary for the subcontracting of the works.

C1 - Collection, storage and cultivation of species of habitat 9580*

It consists in collecting cuttings and seeds of the arboreal species characteristic of habitat 9580* in all the areas of action, for its later storage, conservation and cultivation. The plant produced will be used in the action of “Plantation of species characteristic of habitat 9580*” for the increase of the area of occupation and improvement of the state of conservation of the habitat.

C2 - Forestry activities for the improvement of habitat 9580*

This action consists in applying effective silvicultural techniques aimed at improving the conservation status of habitat 9580* in all enclaves of the project (Galicia, Castile and León and Basque Country).

C3 - Planting endemic species of habitat 9580*

This action, aimed at increasing the occupation area of habitat 9580* and improving its structure, consists in carrying out a forest plantation, using species that are characteristic of habitat 9580* in enclaves of Galicia, Basque Country and Castile and León.

C4 - Control measures on herbivory

This action consists in establishing small infrastructures that prevent the entrance of herbivorous fauna which feed themselves on the vegetal species that make up habitat 9580*.

C5 - Protective measures against unnatural conditions

The action will cover different needs, all directly or indirectly related to the conservation of the forests of Taxus baccata (9580*). In large part, forest fires of various kinds occur in the project area, which endanger the last examples of yew and weavers, which have kept the habitat unchanged and constantly evolving for centuries. In order to avoid that this type of alterations, which can also be aggravated by the presence of pests that alter the ecological system, it is necessary to carry out a preventive management of protection in the environment of the textiles.

C6 - Conservation of the genetic diversity of Taxus baccata (characteristic species of habitat 9580*)

This is a transversal action of the project that seeks to tackle one of the problems of the conservation of habitat 9580* as is the loss of genetic variability of the yew in the Cordillera Cantábrica, and thus improve its future perspectives.

D1 - Follow-up on the impact of the project on habitat 9580*

Action D1 is an action that all partners must take, to assess the impact of project conservation actions on habitat 9580*.

This action is necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of restoration actions and to make decisions about it, including changes or implementation of new measures.

D2 - Monitoring the socio-economic impact of the project

Although the objectives of the project do not directly address socio-economic problems, actions are carried out on elements that are conditioned or on which social agents and economic forces operate.

In Europe, even those ecosystems popularly called “natural” are properly “socio-ecosystems”. In this way, it is highly advisable to evaluate the impact on these components, which in the long term - beyond the duration of a given project - will determine the maintenance and evolution of the elements and habitats intervened.

D3 - Monitoring of ecosystem services

The restoration of services provided by ecosystems, that is, those goods and services that promote human well-being, is a possible consequence of the project, regardless of whether it is explicitly included as an objective of the project.

Reconstruction, conservation or restoration of habitats should contribute, to a greater or lesser extent, to increasing certain ecosystems.

D4 - Monitoring and measurement of specific LIFE indicators

The action responds to the obligation of all LIFE projects to prepare and complete a Monitoring Indicators table that serves the European Commission for the evaluation of the results of the specific project and the LIFE program as a whole.

E1 - Public awareness and dissemination of results

The action establishes tools to reach a greater diffusion of the activities of the project and the awareness of the population on the need to conserve the yew forests.

It is necessary to establish clear and concise forms of communication that reach as many recipients as possible, so as to raise awareness of the need to protect habitats of community interest, while conservation tools existing in the EU are being released.

E2 - Strategy for the transfer and replicability of results and lessons learned. Networks with other projects

The action establishes the strategy for the transfer and replicability of the project results at national and international level, as well as the integration of the conclusions of previous European projects.

F - Project coordination, management and follow-up

These actions include all coordination, management and monitoring of the project, including those related to administrative and financial aspects, necessary to ensure a correct and satisfactory development. Included in this action are the drafting of project monitoring reports and the external financial audit.